Structure of Education in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is struggling to ground its feet and take the road of development  but regardless of hindrances, institutions are being established all over the country. Two separate systems exist in Afghanistan. The older system is a religious one, taught by the mullahs, who conduct schools in the village mosques. They teach the religious precepts of the Koran, reading, writing, and arithmetic. 

The other system was introduced in Afghanistan's 1964 constitution and provided for free and compulsory education at all levels. The education system suffered tremendously as a result of the Taliban insurgency. 

Education in Afghanistan is modelled on the American education system, it includes K-12 and higher education. The higher education is administered by the Ministry of  Education and also the Ministry of Higher Education. 

The structure of education system includes Pre-higher education, the School education and the Higher education. 

Primary Education

Primary School providing this phase of education:

  • Length of program in years: 6
  • Age level from: 7 to 13

Middle Secondary

  • Length of program in years: 3
  • Age level from: 13 to 16

Upper Secondary

  • Length of program in years: 3
  • Age level from: 16 to: 19

Structure of Higher education system

Bachelor’s degree

  • Length of program in years: 4

Master’s degree

  • Length of program in years: 2

Doctorate degree

  • Length of program in years: 3

 New Education Methodologies

Since the toppling of the Taliban rule, under the collective efforts of Afghan experts as well as the international experts, the program has been changed from extremist Islamic teachings to one moderately better with new variety of books, and with better training than the previous training. However, till now, there is no standard and international level curriculum in the textbooks of secondary schools and high schools. The textbooks still remained woefully scanty in number and content as well.

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